How to Avoid Duplicate HTTP Requests

How to Avoid Duplicate HTTP Requests

Duplicate HTTP requests can be a pervasive issue in web development, stemming from various scenarios like simultaneous requests from multiple users or components, or retrying failed requests. These duplicates not only consume precious bandwidth and resources but can also introduce unexpected behavior into your applications. Fortunately, there are effective strategies and techniques to mitigate this problem.

  1. Caching for Reusability:

Caching stands as a robust solution to sidestep redundant HTTP requests. It involves storing the results of previous requests so that subsequent identical requests can be efficiently satisfied using the cached data. Caching can be implemented at both the client and server levels, offering a means to avoid needless data transfers.

  1. Throttling to Manage Request Rate:

Throttling serves as an essential mechanism to control the rate at which requests are permitted within a specific timeframe. This approach prevents the sudden influx of concurrent requests. You can implement throttling through techniques such as request queuing or token systems, maintaining a steady and predictable flow of HTTP requests.

  1. Thoughtful Application Design:

A well-designed application architecture can significantly reduce the need for duplicate requests. Consider centralizing request management within a dedicated service or integrating libraries that offer built-in caching and throttling functionality. Such design practices streamline request handling and mitigate redundancy.

Specific Tips for Different Technologies:


In Angular 17, the shareReplay operator proves invaluable for avoiding duplicate requests. This operator caches the response emitted by an HTTP request and replays it for new subscribers. Multiple components subscribing to the same request will receive the same cached response, effectively preventing duplicate requests.

import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { shareReplay } from 'rxjs/operators';

  providedIn: 'root'
export class UserService {

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) {}

  getUsers() {
    return this.http.get<User[]>('')


In React, the useMemo hook is a powerful tool for sidestepping duplicate requests. It caches the result of a function call and returns the cached result if the function inputs remain unchanged. By memoizing the function that makes the HTTP request, you ensure the request is made only when necessary.

import { useState, useMemo } from 'react';
import { useQuery } from 'react-query';

const fetchUsers = async () => {
  const response = await fetch('');
  const users = await response.json();
  return users;

const UsersList = () => {
  const [users, setUsers] = useState([]);

  const usersQuery = useQuery('users', fetchUsers);

  const users = useMemo(() => {
    if (usersQuery.isLoading) {
      return [];
    } else if (usersQuery.isError) {
      return [];
    } else {
  }, [usersQuery.isLoading, usersQuery.isError,]);

  return (
      { => (
        <li key={}>{}</li>

Other Technologies:

Similar techniques for preventing duplicate HTTP requests exist in various technologies. For instance, in Python, you can employ the functools.lru_cache decorator to cache function call results efficiently. In Java, the java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap class can be harnessed for data caching.


Eliminating duplicate HTTP requests plays a pivotal role in constructing efficient and scalable web applications. By implementing the strategies and techniques outlined above, you can reduce resource consumption, enhance application performance, and bolster the reliability of your applications.

In the realm of web development, the quest to minimize and eliminate duplicate HTTP requests holds a paramount position. This pursuit is not merely a matter of optimizing resource usage but is instrumental in shaping web applications that are not only efficient but also capable of scaling gracefully. By adopting the strategies and techniques discussed earlier, you embark on a journey that significantly enhances your application's performance, resource management, and overall reliability.