Angular 7 Upgrade: Updating from Angular 6 CLI and Core

Upgrading from Angular 6 to Angular 7 is now easier than ever before thanks to all the work that has been done on v6. In this tutorial, you'll learn the required steps that you need to follow to appropriately migrating your existing apps to Angular 7 — the latest version as of this writing.

Angular 7 is released with many new features for the core framework and the other libraries like Angular Material. The new version depends on the latest version of TypeScript (v3.1) and Node 10. Let's see how we can update the CLI to Angular CLI 7 and upgrade an existing project from using v6 to Angular 7.

How to Update/Upgrade to Angular 7

You can find more details about the update process from the update.angular.io official website.

Thanks to all the improvements done in Angular 6, it's now easier than ever to update to the latest version.

In most cases, you can update to v7 by running one simple command:

$ ng update @angular/cli @angular/core

If you still need more details on the process, follow the next sections:

Updating from Angular 6 to Angular 7 (Basic Apps)

if your project is basic, you can simply try the following steps:

  • First, you need to remove the deprecated features of RxJS 6 using the auto-update rules from rxjs-tslint. You simply need to install the tool globally using the npm install -g rxjs-tslint command then run the rxjs-5-to-6-migrate -p src/tsconfig.app.json from the root of your project. Once it's done you can remove the rxjs-compat library.
  • Finally you simply have to run the ng update @angular/cli @angular/core command to update to v7 the core framework and the CLI.

Updating Advanced Apps

If your project uses advanced APIs like HTTP, you need to replace the old HttpModule and the Http service (which was deprecated in v6) with the new HttpClientModule and the HttpClient service that brings a lot of new powerful features.

Also if your applicaton makes use of the Angular Service worker, you need to migrate any versionedFiles to the files array.

Aside from what's stated above, you don't need to perform any changes in your project to migrate from v6.1 to v7.

Instructions for Old Angular Versions

Throughout this tutorial guide, you'll learn by example how you can update or migrate your Angular 5 project generated by Angular CLI to use Angular 6 (The latest version) and Angular CLI 6. We'll take you step by step to upgrade your existing Angular 5 projects (can be also applied to Angular 2 or Angular 4) to use the latest Angular features and dependencies.

In nutshell, these are the steps:

  • Update your Node.js to version 8 or later required by Angular 6
  • Update Http to HttpClient introduced in Angular 4.3+
  • Update animations import from @angular/core to @angular/animations
  • Update or install the Angular CLI to version 6 globally and locally per project
  • Displays packages that need updating using ng update
  • Update core packages using ng update @angular/core
  • Update RxJS package using ng update rxjs
  • Update Angular Material, if used, using ng update @angular/material

Requirements

Before you can update/upgrade your Angular 5 project, make sure you have the following requirements:

  • NodeJS 8+ installed on your machine
  • You are using the new Angular 4.3+ HttpClient and HttpClientModule. If that's not the case then don't worry the process is simple and transparent just replace HttpModule with HttpClientModule and use Http with HttpClient
  • You are importing animations from @angular/animations instead of @angular/core

Installing or Updating the Angular CLI to Version 6

Updating the Angular CLI is easy and it's a matter of installing the latest version from npm using the following command:

npm install -g @angular/cli 

You may need to add sudo depending on your npm configuration.

Also it goes without saying that you need Node.js 8+ and NPM installed on your system to be able to install and run Angular CLI 6.

Updating Angular 5 CLI to Version 6 (Method 2)

You can also uninstall the previous Angular CLI 5 version before you install the latest version using the following command:

npm uninstall -g angular-cli
npm cache clean    

Next run the npm install command globally:

npm install -g @angular/cli 

Upgrading Angular 4|5 Projects

First, start by installing the Angular CLI 6 locally using the following command (Make sure you are inside your project's root folder):

npm install @angular/cli@latest

Updating Configuration Files

There are many differences between Angular 4|5 and Angular 6 such as

  • Angular 6 uses angular.json instead of angular-cli.json.
  • Different versions of dependencies in package.json etc.

You can update different configuration files automatically by running the following command from the project's root folder:

ng update @angular/cli

Discovering Packages to Update

Angular CLI has a new utility that allows you to automatcially analyze your project's package.json file and displays dependencies that need to be updated.

Using you terminal from the root folder of your Angular 5 project run the following command:

ng update

This is an example output from this command:

Upgrading Core Packages to Angular 6

Now you need to update the core packages/dependencies to Angular 6. Simply run the following command:

ng update @angular/core

Upgrading RxJS

You can update RxJS using the ng update command:

ng update rxjs

Upgrading Angular 2 Projects

Now how about existing Angular 2 projects, generated using the Angular CLI?

You can easily update them to use latest dependencies by following these instructions:

First check your versions of installed Angular CLI and other dependencies with:

ng --version 

In my case, I'm getting this output:

    @angular/cli: 1.0.0
    node: 7.9.0
    os: linux ia32
    @angular/animations: 4.1.2
    @angular/common: 4.1.2
    @angular/compiler: 4.1.2
    @angular/core: 4.1.2
    @angular/forms: 4.1.2
    @angular/http: 4.1.2
    @angular/platform-browser: 4.1.2
    @angular/platform-browser-dynamic: 4.1.2
    @angular/platform-server: 4.1.2
    @angular/router: 4.1.2
    @angular/cli: 1.0.0
    @angular/compiler-cli: 4.1.2

Since we have installed the latest Angular CLI globally. If you try to serve your project you'll be getting a warning of version mismatch:


Your global Angular CLI version (1.2.5) is greater than your local
version (1.0.0). The local Angular CLI version is used.
To disable this warning use "ng set --global warnings.versionMismatch=false".

Next open your project package.json file then change the Angular CLI version: You can check the npm info page for Angular CLI package from this link to find out the latest version.

    "@angular/cli": "1.2.5"

Next, delete your project node_modules folder and run the following command:

npm install

You don't need to change the versions of the other dependencies, the Angular CLI will take care of fetching latest versions.

Now you can check again for installed versions with:

ng --version 

In my case I'm getting this output:

    @angular/cli: 1.2.5
    node: 7.9.0
    os: linux ia32
    @angular/animations: 4.3.1
    @angular/common: 4.3.1
    @angular/compiler: 4.3.1
    @angular/core: 4.3.1
    @angular/forms: 4.3.1
    @angular/http: 4.3.1
    @angular/platform-browser: 4.3.1
    @angular/platform-browser-dynamic: 4.3.1
    @angular/platform-server: 4.3.1
    @angular/router: 4.3.1
    @angular/cli: 1.2.5
    @angular/compiler-cli: 4.3.1

As you can see Angular 4.3.1 is installed.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we've seen step by step how to update the Angular CLI to version 6, how to upgrade an existing Angular 2 to Angular 4 and An Angular 4|5 to Angular 6.


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