Angular 10 Markdown Custom Pipe

  • Author: Techiediaries Team

In this tutorial, we'll create a custom Angular pipe for parsing Markdown into HTML. We'll use the latest Angular 10 version but the steps are also valid for the previous versions of the framework.

You need to have Angular CLI v10 installed on your development machine before you can proceed with this tutorial's steps.

Step 1 — Creating a New Angular 10 Project

If you don't have a project yet, you need to run the following command to create a new project:

$ ng new Angular10MarkdownPipe 

The CLI will ask you a couple of questions — If Would you like to add Angular routing? Type y for Yes and Which stylesheet format would you like to use? Choose CSS.

Next, navigate to you project’s folder and run the server using the following commands:

$ cd Angular10MarkdownPipe
$ ng serve    

Open your web browser and navigate to the http://localhost:4200/ address to see your app running.

Step 2 — Installing the marked Markdown Parser

Next, you need to install the marked Markdown parser that will be used for actually parsing the Markdown content:

$ cd Angular10MarkdownPipe
$ npm install marked

Step 3 — Creating a New Custom Pipe

Next, you need to create a new custom Angular pipe using Angular CLI as follows:

$ ng generate pipe markdown

This will create a new pipe called markdown and import it in your src/app/app.module.ts file:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

import { MarkdownPipe } from "../markdown.pipe";

@NgModule({
  imports:      [ BrowserModule, FormsModule ],
  declarations: [ AppComponent, MarkdownPipe ],
  bootstrap:    [ AppComponent ]
})
export class AppModule { }

Next, open the src/app/markdown.pipe.ts file and update it as follows:

import { Pipe, PipeTransform } from '@angular/core';
import * as marked from "marked";

@Pipe({
  name: 'markdown'
})
export class MarkdownPipe implements PipeTransform {

  transform(value: any, args?: any): any {
    if (value && value.length > 0) {
      return marked(value);
    }
    return value;
  }

}

We import marked, and update the transform() method to parse and return HTML.

Next, open the src/app/app.component.ts file and add the following variables:

import { Component, VERSION } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  selector: 'my-app',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: [ './app.component.css' ]
})
export class AppComponent  {
  name = 'Angular ' + VERSION.major;

  public title: string = '*Angular 10 Markdown Pipe*';
  public content: string = '**Markdown** is cool!';

}

Next, open the src/app/app.component.html file and update it as follows:

<h1 [innerHTML]="title | markdown"></h1>
<div [innerHTML]="content | markdown"></div>

We use the innerHTML attribute to render the HTML code resulted from converting the Markdown content in the two component variables.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we've seen by example how to create a custom pipe in Angular 10 to parse Markdown into HTML.


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