Build an HTML Table Example Dynamically with Angular 9/8 and ngFor

  • Author: Ahmed Bouchefra

In this quick example, let's see how to build an HTML table dynamically with Angular 9 and the ngFor directive.

Let's assume you already have Angular CLI installed on your machine and an Angular project ready.

f you are new to these how-tos, check out how to install and set up a project and the prerequisites.

Building a Table with Angular 9 ngFor

You can do this example in two steps:

  • Step 1 - Getting Table Data
  • Step 2 - Displaying the Table Using ngFor

Before we can use ngFor for displaying data in a table, we need the data. In a real-world example, we'll need to get data from a server database.

Step 1 - Getting Table Data

This is better done using an Angular service and the HttpClient API, so let's suppose we have the following service:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class ApiService {

  private apiServer = "http://server.com";
  httpOptions = {
    headers: new HttpHeaders({
      'Content-Type': 'application/json'
    })
  }
  constructor(private httpClient: HttpClient) { }

  get(): Observable<any[]> {
    return this.httpClient.get<any[]>(this.apiServer + '/customers/');
  }
}

Pleate note that you need to import HttpClientModule in your application module before you can use HttpClient.

Next, you need to inject the ApiService in the component where you want to display your data.

Let's keep it simple and use the App component.

Open the src/app/app.component.ts file and update it as follows:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { ApiService } from '../api.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
})
export class App implements OnInit {

  data = [];

  constructor(private apiService: ApiService) { }

  ngOnInit() {

    this.apiService.get().subscribe((data: any[])=>{
      this.data = data;
    })  
  }

}

Step 2 - Displaying the Table Using Angular 9 ngFor

Next, open the src/app/app.component.html file and update it as follows:

            <div>
                <h1>NgFor Table Example</h1>
                <table>
                    <thead>
                        <tr>
                            <th>#</th>
                            <th>Customer Name</th>
                            <th>Email</th>
                            <th>Action</th>
                        </tr>
                    </thead>
                    <tbody>
                        <tr *ngFor="let item of data">
                            <th>{{ item.id }}</th>
                            <td>{{ item.name }}</td>
                            <td>{{ item.email }}</td>
                            <td>
                                <button type="button" >Delete</button>
                            </td>
                        </tr>
                    </tbody>
                </table>
            </div>

We use the ngFor directive to iterate over the customers data fetched from the server using the ApiService and we build the HTML table dynamically by displaying each row of the table in each ngFor iteration.


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