Find an element by ID from another component in Angular 17

Find an element by ID from another component in Angular 17

Getting an element by ID from another component in Angular can be achieved using a combination of component communication methods and DOM manipulation techniques. Here's a step-by-step approach:

  1. Establish Communication: Determine the most suitable communication method between the components. Options include:
-   **Input/Output Decorators (@Input/@Output):** Pass the element reference or its ID as an input property to the child component.

-   **ViewChild Decorator:** Inject the child component using @ViewChild and access its element reference.

-   **Event Binding:** Use event binding to trigger a callback function in the parent component, passing the element reference or ID as an event argument.

-   **Services:** Create a shared service that both components can access to store and retrieve the element reference or ID.
  1. Identify the Target Element: Determine the component that contains the element you want to access and its ID.

  2. Access the Element Reference: Based on the chosen communication method, retrieve the element reference or ID from the target component.

  3. Manipulate the Element: Once you have the element reference, you can manipulate it using DOM manipulation techniques like document.getElementById() or the nativeElement property of the ElementRef.

Here's an example using Input/Output decorators:

// ParentComponent.html
<app-child-component [elementId]="'my-element'"></app-child-component>

// ChildComponent.ts
@Input() elementId: string;

@ViewChild('myElement', { read: ElementRef<HTMLElement> }) elementRef: ElementRef;

ngOnInit() {
  const element = document.getElementById(;
  // Manipulate the element using `element`

Remember to import the necessary dependencies, such as ElementRef and ViewChild, to access the DOM elements.

Here is a step-by-step tutorial on how to get an element by ID from another component in Angular:

Step 1: Establish Communication between the Components

There are several ways to establish communication between components in Angular. For this tutorial, we will use the @ViewChild decorator. This decorator allows you to access the child component's element reference from the parent component.

Step 2: Create a Reference to the Child Component

In the parent component, add the @ViewChild decorator to a property that will hold a reference to the child component. Make sure to specify the read option to get the ElementRef of the child component's element.

import { Component, ViewChild, ElementRef } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-parent',
  template: `
    <app-child #childComponent></app-child>
export class ParentComponent {
  @ViewChild('childComponent', { read: ElementRef<HTMLElement> }) childElementRef: ElementRef<HTMLElement>;

Step 3: Access the Element in the Child Component

In the child component, use the ElementRef to access the element's native DOM element.

import { Component, ElementRef } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-child',
  template: `<div id="my-element">Child Component Element</div>`,
export class ChildComponent {
  constructor(private elementRef: ElementRef<HTMLElement>) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    const element = this.elementRef.nativeElement;
    // Manipulate the element using `element`

Step 4: Get the Element from the Parent Component

Once communication is established, you can access the child component's element from the parent component.

ngOnInit() {
  const element = this.childElementRef.nativeElement.getElementById('my-element');
  // Manipulate the element using `element`

This approach allows you to access and manipulate the element directly from the parent component.

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