Ionic 4 SQLite Data Pagination

In the previous part(s) we have:

  • Created a new Ionic 4 project,
  • Added the Cordova SQLite plugin and its Ionic Native wrapper,
  • Created a data service for interfacing with the SQLite database,
  • And implemented the various CRUD methods to create, read, update and delete data from the SQLite database.

Adding SQLite Pagination

Now let's implement pagination in our data service so we can get paginated data from our SQLite database instead of returning all rows which can be bad for our application when the database size grows.

Head over to the src/data.service.ts file and start by adding a TypeScript interface for the Pager object which we are going to need later for accessing the pager.

    export interface Pager{
        initialPage();
        nextPage();
    } 

The pager interface declares two methods, the initialPage() method which returns the initial page of data and the nextPage() method which returns the next number of data rows - This method will be called by the application everytime the user requests more data to be displayed.

Next, create the pager service which takes a SQLiteObject object as a parameter:


    class PagerService{
        public database: SQLiteObject;

        constructor(database : SQLiteObject){
            this.database = database;
        }
        private  getTotal(tableName : string) : Promise<number> { /* ... */}
        public executeSql(tableName : string , limit : number , offset : number ) : Promise<any> 
        { /* ... */}
        public async getPager(tableName:string,pageSize: number = 10) {/* ... */}    

    }

Don't forget to import SQLiteObject from the @ionic-native/sqlite package:

import { SQLite, SQLiteObject } from '@ionic-native/sqlite';

The getTotal(tableName) returns the total size (number of data rows) of a specified table.

The executeSql(tableName : string , limit : number , offset : number ) takes care of executing the SQL queries against a SQLite database table.

The getPager(tableName:string, pageSize: number = 10) returns an object of Pager type for a specified SQL table and a Page size which defaults to 10 rows.

PagerService has one member variable which holds the SQLiteObject instance passed via class constructor.

Let's begin by implementing the getTotal(tableName) method:

    private  getTotal(tableName : string) : Promise<number> {
        let total = -1;
        return new Promise<number>((resolve,reject) => {

                this.database.executeSql(`select count(*) as size from ${tableName}`,[]).then((data)=>{

                    resolve(data.rows.item(0).size);

                },(err)=>{
                    console.log("error" + JSON.stringify(err));
                    reject(err);
                });

        });


    }   

The method returns a Promise which when resolved returns the total size of a table.

The methods builds a query to get the total count of rows using TypeScript template strings and the interpolation operator ${} to dynamically specify the table name:

`select count(*) as size from ${tableName}`

Next, It calls the executeSql() to execute the query against the SQLite database which returns a Promise.

The Promise either resolves with the table size data or rejects with the error originally returned from executeSql().

Next let's add an implementation of the executeSql() wrapper method:

    public executeSql(tableName : string , limit : number , offset : number ) : Promise<any> 
    {

        var sql =`select *  from ${tableName} LIMIT ${limit} OFFSET ${offset} ; `

        return new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{
            this.database.executeSql(sql,[]).then((data)=>{

                resolve(data);

            }).catch((e)=>{
                reject(e);
            });
        });            


    }

  • tableName holds the table name.
  • limit holds the index of last page row to fetch.
  • offset holds the index of first page row from where to start fetching.

Now, let's implement the getPager() method which returns a Pager object for a specified SQLite table and Page size:

    public async getPager(tableName:string,pageSize: number = 10) {
        let pageSize = pageSize;
        let offset = 0;
        let limit = pageSize;
        let size = await this.getTotal(tableName);
        let that = this;
        return  {
                initialPage:function(){

                    return new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{
                        var d = [];
                        that.executeSql(tableName,limit,offset).then((data)=>{
                            console.log(JSON.stringify(data));
                            for(var i = 0 ; i < data.rows.length ; i++)
                            {
                                d.push(data.rows.item(i));
                            }
                            resolve(d);
                        },(e)=>{
                            reject(e);
                        });
                    });

                },
                nextPage:function(){
                    if(that.offset <= that.size - that.pageSize )
                    {  
                        that.offset +=  that.pageSize;
                    }
                    return new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{
                        var d = [];
                        that.executeSql(tableName,limit,offset).then((data)=>{
                            for(var i = 0 ; i < data.rows.length ; i++)
                            {
                                d.push(data.rows.item(i));
                            }
                            resolve(d);
                        },(e)=>{
                            reject(e);
                        });
                    });                    
                }            
            };
    }

}

After adding the Pager service, It's time to modify our Data service to use paging when reading data.

So, first add a pagerService member variable:

    @Injectable()
    export class DataService{
        public database: SQLiteObject;
        public pagerService : PagerService ;

Next, in the constructor, create an instance of PagerService and assign it to the pagerService variable:

    constructor(public sqlite :SQLite) {

            this.sqlite.create({name: "data.db", location: "default"}).then((db : SQLiteObject) => {
                    this.database = db;
                    this.pagerService = new PagerService(db);
                    this.createTables();
                }, (error) => {
                    console.log("ERROR: ", error);
            }); 

    } 

Next, modify the list(tableName) method to return a pager object instead of the query result.

    public list(tableName){
            return this.pager(tableName);
    }  

Conclusion

That's all we need for adding SQL pagination to our Ionic 4 application.

In the next tutorial, we will see how to use our data service to actually create, update, read and delete data from our SQLite database tables that we have previously created.

Note: We also publish our tutorials on Medium and DEV.to. If you prefer reading in these platforms, you can follow us there to get our newest articles.

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About the author

Ahmed Bouchefra
is a web developer with 5+ years of experience and technical author with an engineering degree on software development. You can hire him with a click on the link above or contact him via his LinkedIn account. He authored technical content for the industry-leading websites such as SitePoint, Smashing, DigitalOcean, RealPython, freeCodeCamp, JScrambler, Pusher, and Auth0. He also co-authored various books about modern web development that you can find from Amazon or Leanpub


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