Node.js & MySQL CRUD — Database Connection & SQL Queries

MySQL is one of the most popular databases in the world and Node.js is a complete platform for building server side applications.

Node.js is commonly used with NoSQL databases but you can also use it with SQL-based databases like MySQL and Oracle. Check out Node.js Oracle CRUD Example: Database Connection & SQL Queries.

In this tutorial, we'll see how you can use MySQL in Node.js by creating a connection and executing SQL queries for performing CRUD operations.

We'll be looking at the node-mysql module for connecting to a MySQL server from your Node.js applications.

Using MySQL in Node.js

You can use MySQL in Node.js through various modules such as node-mysql or node-mysql2.

Let's see how we can use the node-mysql2 (fast node-mysql compatible mysql driver for node.js) for connecting to create a database and perform CRUD operations against it.

In nutshell, these are the required steps to use MySQL in Node:

  1. Create a folder for your project and navigate inside it: mkdir node-mysql-example && cd node-mysql-example,
  2. Add a package.json file using the npm init –y command,
  3. Install the node-mysql2 module from npm using the npm install mysql2 –save command,
  4. Create a server.js file and add the code below,
  5. Run the application using the node server.js.

Creating a Node.js Project

Let's start by creating our Node.js project. First, create a folder for your project using the following command:

$ mkdir node-mysql-demo

Next, navigate inside your project's folder and create a package.json file:

$ cd node-mysql-demo
$ npm init -y

This will create a package.json with default values.

Installing the MySQL Driver for Node.js

After creating a project, you can install the node-mysql2 module using npm:

$ npm install mysql2 --save

This will add node-mysql2 the node_modules folder of your project (which will be created if not exists) and add it to the dependencies array of the package.json file.

Connecting to your MySQL Database

In your project's folder, create a server.js file. Open it and add the following code to import mysql2 and use it to create a connection to your MySQL server:

const mysql = require('mysql2');

const connection = mysql.createConnection({
  host: 'localhost',
  user: 'root',
  password: 'password'
  database: 'test'
});

We are connecting the localhost server using the root user, a password and a test database. Change the values accordingly in your system.

For this to work you need to have MySQL installed on your system. If you don't, refer to the installation page on the official website.

Before doing anything else we need to create database and a table. You can use the mysqlcommand in your terminal to create a database. First run the following command in your terminal:

$ mysql

Next, run this SQL instruction:

create database test;

Next, you need to create a table by adding the following code:

connection.query(`CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS contacts(id NUMBER, name VARCHAR2(50), email VARCHAR2(100) )`
  ,
  function(err) {
  if(err){
      console.log("Error!");
  }
  }
);

Now that we have a database and a contacts table. Let's see how to perform CRUD operations using SQL queries.

Performing CRUD Operations

CRUD stands for create, read, update and delete and it refers to common operations that are used in most data-driven applications.

  • You create data in the database tables using the INSERT statement.
  • You read data from the database tables using the SELECT statement.
  • You update data in the database tables using the UPDATE statement.
  • You delete data from the database tables using the DELETE statement.

Creating/Inserting Data

connection.query('INSERT INTO contacts SET ?', ["name 001","name001@email.com"], (err, res) => {
  if(err) throw err;
});

Reading/Selecting data

connection.query('SELECT * FROM contacts', (err,rows) => {
  if(err) throw err;
  console.log(rows);
});

The rows variable contains the returned rows from the database table.

Updating Data

connection.query(
  'UPDATE contacts SET email = ? Where ID = ?',
  ['updated@email.com', 1],
  (err, result) => {
    if (err) throw err;
    }
);

Deleting Data

connection.query(
  'DELETE FROM contacts where id = ?', [1], (err, result) => {
    if (err) throw err;
   }
);

Conclusion

In this tutorial, you have seen how you can use the node-mysql2 driver for opening connections to MySQL databases in your Node.js applications and you created a simple CRUD example that demonstrates how to perform basic create, read, update and delete operations via SQL select, insert, update and delete statements.


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