Angular 6 Router: Route Animations Tutorial and Example

The Angular 6 Router supports adding animations when navigating between different routes in your application. In this tutorial, we'll learn how to use the Angular’s animations API to play animations when a route changes in your application.

Creating an Angular 6 Project

In this tutorial we assume you already have Angular CLI v6 installed. You can then generate a project using the following command from your terminal:

$ ng new angular6project

We also need some components. Create them using:

$ ng g c list
$ ng g c detail

Adding Routes

Next, you need to add routes to the created components in your routing module app-routing.module.ts:


import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router';

import { HomeComponent } from './home/home.component';
import { ListComponent } from './list/list.component';
import { DetailComponent } from './detail/detail.component';

export const routes: Routes = [
  { path: '', component: HomeComponent },
  { path: 'list', component: ListComponent },
  { path: 'detail', component: DetailComponent },

];

@NgModule({
  imports: [
    RouterModule.forRoot(routes)
  ],
  exports: [RouterModule]
})
export class AppRoutingModule {}

In the app.component.html we can add the following code to navigate between the different components:

<nav>
    <a routerLink="">home</a>
    <a routerLink="list">list</a>
    <a routerLink="detail">detail</a>    
</nav>
<div>
  <router-outlet></router-outlet>
</div>

The routerLink directive is used to create links to paths defined in the routing module.

The <router-outlet> is where the Angular router inserts the component(s) matching the current route.

Adding the Angular Animations Module: BrowserAnimationsModule

Before we can create routing animations, we need to import the animations module in the main application module:



import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { BrowserAnimationsModule } from '@angular/platform-browser/animations';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { HomeComponent } from './home/home.component';
import { ListComponent } from './list/list.component';
import { DetailComponent } from './detail/detail.component';


@NgModule({
  imports: [BrowserModule, BrowserAnimationsModule, AppRoutingModule],
  declarations: [AppComponent, HomeComponent, ListComponent,DetailComponent],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

Defining and Registering Animations

In app.component.ts you need to define your animation and register in the animations array of the component:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import {
  transition,
  trigger,
  query,
  style,
  animate,
  group,
  animateChild
} from '@angular/animations';

@Component({
  selector: 'my-app',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css'],
  animations: [
trigger('myAnimation', [
  transition('* => *', [
    query(
      ':enter',
      [style({ opacity: 0 })],
      { optional: true }
    ),
    query(
      ':leave',
       [style({ opacity: 1 }), animate('0.3s', style({ opacity: 0 }))],
      { optional: true }
    ),
    query(
      ':enter',
      [style({ opacity: 0 }), animate('0.3s', style({ opacity: 1 }))],
      { optional: true }
    )
  ])
]);

  ] // register the animations

})
export class AppComponent { }

First we import a bunch of methods from the @angular/animations module. Next in the animations array of the component we define our animation.

We use the trigger() method to create a myAnimation trigger which will be applied to the <div> containing the router outlet in the component template.

Next in the the second parameter (array) of the trigger() method we supply a transition() method that takes two parameters: the first paramter specifies when the animation(s) should be applied. In this case when there is a transition from any route to any route (’* <=> *’). The second parameter takes an array of animations.

We can also spcifiy any number of transitions since the second paramter of the trigger() method is of type Array.

Next we create a group([]) of query() methods to query for any components that are entering or leaving the DOM and apply styles and animations to the :enter and :leave states which creates fade in and fade out effects.

Applying the Animation on the Router Outlet

After defining the myAnimation animation we need to apply it to our router outlet

<div [@myAnimation]="o.isActivated ? o.activatedRoute : ''">
  <router-outlet #o="outlet"></router-outlet>
</div>

We use a template reference to create a reference to the router outlet #o="outlet". This is useful for knowing when the router outlet is active so we can trigger the animation.

Conclusion

In this quick Angular 6 router animations tutorial, we've seen how to define and trigger animations when navigating between routes in Angular 6 applications.


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